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Ukraine may keep some F-16 jets abroad to protect them from Russian strikes

Russian President Vladimir Putin has warned that Moscow could consider launching strikes at facilities in Nato countries if they host the warplanes.

Volodymyr Zelensky poses before an F-16

Ukraine may keep some of the F-16 fighter jets it is set to receive from its Western allies at foreign bases to protect them from Russian strikes, a senior Ukrainian military officer has said.

Belgium, Denmark, the Netherlands and Norway have committed to providing Ukraine with over 60 US-made F-16 fighter jets to help it fend off Russian attacks.

Ukrainian pilots are currently undergoing training to fly the warplanes ahead of the deliveries expected to start later this year.

Serhii Holubtsov, head of aviation within Ukraine’s air force, said that “a certain number of aircraft will be stored at secure air bases outside of Ukraine so that they are not targeted here”.

Mr Holubtsov told the US government-funded Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty that those F-16s could be used to replace damaged aircraft as they undergo repairs as well as for training Ukrainian pilots abroad.

“This way, we can always have a certain number of aircraft in the operational fleet that corresponds to the number of pilots we have,” he said. “If there are more pilots, there will be more aircraft in Ukraine.”

Russian President Vladimir Putin has warned that Moscow could consider launching strikes at facilities in Nato countries if they host the warplanes used in Ukraine.

“If they are stationed at air bases outside the Ukrainian borders and used in combat, we will have to see how and where to strike the assets used in combat against us,” Mr Putin said last year. “It poses a serious danger of Nato being further drawn into the conflict.”

In March, the Russian leader again warned Ukraine’s Western allies against providing air bases from where the F-16s could launch sorties against the Kremlin’s forces. Those bases would become a “legitimate target”, he said.

A Russian soldier stands by a 2A65 'Msta-B' howitzer
Russia has pressed on with an offensive following a delay in US aid for Ukraine (Russian Defence Ministry Press Service via AP)

“F-16s are capable of carrying nuclear weapons, and we will also need to take that into account while organizing our combat operations,” Mr Putin stated.

The F-16s require a high standard of runways and reinforced hangars to protect them from attacks on the ground.

It is not clear how many Ukrainian air bases can meet those requirements, and Russia would be certain to quickly target a few that could accommodate them once the jets arrive.

Mr Holubtsov noted that the F-16s will help protect front-line and border regions from Russian glide bombs that have inflicted significant damage to both troops and residential areas, including Kharkiv.

Glide bombs are heavy Soviet-era bombs fitted with precision guidance systems and launched from aircraft flying out of range of air defences.

“I think we will succeed, first of all, in pushing back the aircraft that drop glide bombs farther from the contact line,” he said.

“If we manage to push them back at least another 19-31 miles, this can already be considered a turning point and an achievement, if not of superiority, then of parity in the airspace.”

Ukraine’s Western allies are trying to bolster military support for Kyiv as Russian troops have launched attacks along the more than 620-mile front line, taking advantage of a lengthy delay in US military aid.

Ukraine is currently fighting to hold back a Russian push near its second-largest city of Kharkiv, less than 20 miles from the border.

Russian troops have also continued their slow offensive in the eastern Donetsk region. On Monday, the Russian defence ministry claimed that the Kremlin’s forces had captured the village of Staromaiorske, although the claim that has not been confirmed by Kyiv and could not be independently verified.

Ukraine has struck back with regular missile and drone attacks on Moscow-occupied territories and areas inside Russia.

In the latest strike, Ukrainian forces hit Russian air defence systems in Dzhankoy, Chornomorske and Yevpatoriya in the Moscow-occupied Crimea with missiles, Ukraine’s General Staff said.

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