The end of the free TV licence for over-75s will feel like a “kick in the teeth” to pensioners, campaigners have said.
The BBC has announced that means-testing will begin in August, stating that continuing the universal entitlement would hit “programmes and services”.
The new scheme was originally meant to start on June 1, but was delayed and kept under review because of the coronavirus pandemic.
Age UK said the start of means-testing will feel like a “kick in the teeth” to pensioners and called on the Government to “sit down with the BBC urgently” to work out a deal.
BBC chairman Sir David Clementi said that “implementation of the new scheme will be Covid-19 safe”, adding the “BBC could not continue delaying the scheme without impacting on programmes and services”.
Over-75s who receive the free TV licence, which costs those who pay £157.50, will have to receive pension credit.
“Critically, it is not the BBC making that judgment about poverty. It is the Government who sets and controls that measure,” Sir David said.
The BBC has been under “severe financial pressure due to the pandemic”, he added.
He went on: “I believe continuing to fund some free TV licences is the fairest decision for the public, as we will be supporting the poorest, oldest pensioners without impacting the programmes and services that all audiences love.”
Boris Johnson’s official spokesman said the Prime Minister disagreed with the move.
“This is the wrong decision. We recognise the value of free TV licences for over-75s and believe that they should be funded by the BBC,” the spokesman said.
Digital, Culture, Media and Sport Committee chairman Julian Knight described the decision as a “body blow to millions of British pensioners”.
The Conservative MP said: “This mess is a result of a poor decision struck by the outgoing director-general and now Britain’s pensioners are having to pick up the cost.”
Age UK charity director Caroline Abrahams said that in “reality the principal responsibility lies with the Government”.
The “Government cannot absolve itself of responsibility for the upset and distress being caused to many of our over-75s today”, she said, adding: “The sadness is that these older people have already endured so much over the last few months.”
She continued: “We’re bitterly disappointed by this decision on behalf of the millions of over-75s who have had a torrid time over the last few months and for whom this must feel like another kick in the teeth, during a terrible year.”
The charity is worried about the “mental health of older people living on their own,” and those for whom “the TV really is their window on the world”.
The BBC said safety would be at the “heart” of the scheme, as “no-one needs to take any immediate action, or leave their home, to claim for a free TV licence or pay for one”.
The free TV licence was introduced in 2000, but the BBC agreed to take on responsibility for funding the scheme as part of the charter agreement hammered out with the Government in 2015.
The broadcaster, which faces increased competition from streaming giants, has said it cannot afford to take on the financial burden from the Government.
Continuing with the Government scheme would have cost the corporation £745 million, the BBC said, meaning the closures of BBC Two, BBC Four, the BBC News Channel, the BBC Scotland channel, Radio 5 Live, and a number of local radio stations, as well as other cuts and reductions.
The BBC first announced the end of the universal entitlement last year, in a move which provoked a swathe of criticism from the likes of Dame Helen Mirren and former prime minister Gordon Brown, who said: “Costs should be covered by the Government.”
The decision comes as the Government is set to announce its response to a consultation on decriminalising licence fee evasion.
The BBC has launched a programme of voluntary redundancy as it attempts to make £125 million in savings this year – on top of the previous £800 million savings target – due to the pandemic.
It has also announced job cuts in TV news and local radio in England and said it was axing more than 150 roles in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
It also plans to cut around 450 jobs in BBC News, to take place at a later date.