Boris Johnson has won the support of MPs for his Brexit deal “in principle” in the first of a series of crucial Commons votes on Tuesday.
The House voted by 329 to 299 to approve the Withdrawal Agreement Bill (WAB) at second reading – a majority of 30.
It is the second vote out of 11 Mr Johnson has won since he became Prime Minister in July.
It was being followed immediately by a second vote on a programme motion to enable it to clear all its Commons stages by the end of Thursday.
Earlier, Mr Johnson warned MPs he would pull the whole Bill and go for a general election if they rejected his timetable and decided to “delay everything until January or even longer”.