The works have been taking place on Stallings Lane and are part of the extra £1 million which Dudley Council has put into road repairs for the borough.
Dudley Council's traffic management schedule listed the work as finishing at around 4pm, however residents received letters from contractors John A Bates stating they will work between the hours of 7pm to 2am.
The roadworks also created significant traffic on the road from Charterfield Drive just past the Morrisons on Thursday night.
One resident on the road claimed the noise was unacceptable, with unwell neighbours and children being kept up by jackhammering at 10pm in the evening.
Councillor Karen Shakespeare, cabinet member for public realm, said: "These essential works are running in the evenings in order to keep traffic disruption on this very busy road to a minimum and to allow shoppers and deliveries access to Morrisons during the working day.
"All the correct evening permits are in place, unfortunately our weekly round-up of published works contained an error stating that the works were due to finish at 4pm and we apologise for this oversight.
"However residents can rest assured that all the correct procedures and permits are in place and we hope they will bear with us over the next week while this work is completed.
"We will be returning tonight to compete the surfacing from 7pm onwards with the area outside Morrison’s being undertaken after 10.30pm and we hope that residents and road users will see the benefit of the work when it is completed next week."
Kingswinford North and Wall Heath Ward Councillor, Ed Lawrence, added: "These works had been planned and are part of the extra £1 million we have put into road repairs for the borough.
"It's not unusual for works like this to be carried out at night, however things didn’t seem to go to plan.
"Whilst I appreciate the disruption is not ideal, I hope the residents are happy to see the repairs to Stallings Lane and an improvement in the roads around Kingswinford and Wall Heath due to the extra investments."