Union leaders today urged the Government to reopen talks over firefighters' pensions after a fresh strike and the prospect of further industrial action.
The Fire Brigades Union praised its members in England and Wales for their "unity and determination" during a walkout from 6.30pm to 11pm yesterday.
A further stoppage is planned from 6am to 8am on Monday.
FBU General Secretary Matt Wrack said: "Firefighters have once again shown their determination to defend their pension rights and to campaign for a pension which reflects the job they do.
"We hope Government will now sit down and negotiate a settlement to this dispute.
"So far ministers have completely ignored the evidence in front of them. We hope this action will finally open their eyes."
The union clashed with the London brigade after a huge blaze broke out in a scrap metal yard in Dagenham a few hours before the strike started.
Around 1,500 tonnes of scrap metal in the open air was destroyed and smoke from the fire was visible for more than 20 miles.
The brigade said it expected FBU members to remain at the scene because of the seriousness of the incident, but the union said it was not life-threatening.
Mr Wrack said: "The management of the London Fire Brigade has been telling everyone for weeks that they have adequate arrangements in place in the event of a strike but they seemed incapable of putting them in place in good time yesterday.
"That was their responsibility, not the responsibility of frontline firefighters due to take strike action. Our members deal with incidents like that regularly and it was entirely foreseeable and should have been planned for by those in charge."
The London Fire Brigade received 124 emergency 999 calls during the strike, with replacement crews attending 17 incidents in the capital, including the one at Dagenham. Other incidents attended include eight primary fires and nine false alarms.
Brigades across the country had urged members of the public to put off any firework displays in their own gardens until tonight or go to an organised event.
The union fears firefighters will be made redundant if they fail fitness tests and are unable to find other work in the fire service.
Fire Minister Brandon Lewis said: " This strike action by the FBU is completely unnecessary and does nothing but damage the good reputation firefighters have with the public.
"We offered firefighters similar fitness principles to those the FBU accepted in Scotland. The FBU should reconsider their decision to strike - announced just four days into discussions - and work for a resolution to this dispute.
"The public will be baffled by the FBU's course of action when they hear that the deal being offered to firefighters gives them one of the most generous pension schemes in all the public sector.
"A firefighter who earns £29,000, and retires after a full career aged 60, will get a £19,000 a year pension, rising to £26,000 with the state pension. An equivalent private pension pot would be worth over half a million pounds and require firefighters to contribute twice as much."